Challenging Behavior Among THE KIDS Children And TEENAGERS Essay

Challenging Behavior Among THE KIDS Children And TEENAGERS Essay


The objectivity of this study is to improve the challenging behavior among the children in early stages of the education and the impact of behavior modification remedy for improvement in the tough behaviors due to dsygraphia. The hypothesis of the analysis the implementation of tendencies modification techniques gives satiability in difficult behavior of children due to dsygraphia. The analysis will be conducted in the schools of twin towns of Pakistan (Islamabad and Rawalpindi). This review will helpful in improving handwriting abilities and overcome to the patterns issues. For the evaluation the Functional Behavioral Evaluation, Wechsler Intelligence Level For Kids – 4th Edition (WISC-IV) and Handwriting Assessment by The McMaster Handwriting Assessment Protocol 2nd edition will be used. The implementation of behavior modification techniques shall be applied following the evaluation.

Keywords: behavior modification remedy, challenging behavior, Dsygraphia,


According to Ormrod J.E Learners with learning disabilities have standard or above average score on intelligence check. But sometime they experience difficulty with a number of specific aspects of data processing (2009). There will be 30% to 40% most important and secondary school-aged students usually are facing handwriting problems. Due to emotional, social and academic, consequences that they can usually impose on the study of such difficulties are essential. These common concerns are increasing the tendency of handwriting complications and behavior concerns in children.

The dsygraphia is certainly characterized as a publishing disorder which is linked to the writing impairment. In children, the disorder generally emerges if they are first of all introduced to writing. The term habit refers as person response internally and externally. The demanding behavior can be focus seeking tantrums, aggressiveness and uncooperative behavior. Handwriting difficulty or dysgraphia was described by Hamstra-Bletz & Blote (1993) as a problem in the production of written vocabulary which is connected with of writing impairment. Challenging behaviors give the impression to the parents-child relationship and father and mother become very mindful while getting together with their children. The dsygraphia or written languages learning disability including problems are copying the right words and phrases and letters, consistence and neatness while writing, spelling regularity and written organization. The challenging patterns of the children are faced by the households, teachers and other individual and even children themselves, when they cannot behave in the peer group and in their surrounding they often become frustrated, defeated and overwhelmed.

Behavior modification is usually a using a principals of learning and cognition to understand and changing the habit of an individual. Behavior modification can be an empirically demonstrated of habit change tactics. Behavior modification therapy is very good for children and successful than in adults. Due to the reason kids are in a stage of forming their self-identity. The term behavior modification firstly appears by Edward Thorndike in 1911. His document Provisional Laws of Acquired Habit or Learning makes repeated use of the word “modifying behavior. The principals of Behaviorism into the classroom setting and the average person with challenging tendencies, there are group of procedures collectively referred to as patterns modification (Ormrod J.E, 2009).

When children are not facing academic difficulty orally however in the written expression such as for example, difficult spellings, term utterance and child wants to write but struggling to write. There are a few possibilities that, the kid may be unable to think that is why they are unable express in written expression. Usually the kids with dsygraphia able to go to town verbally, but struggling to write at a rate that displays the complexity of their thoughts. It’s the children themselves that think challenged by the problem they find themselves in; feeling disappointed, misunderstood and sometimes designed to look lazy and unexpressive in leading of adults as well as the teachers who should be supporting them. If the individuals around these children change their own behavior towards the children and become empathetic and supportive then your child no longer must feel those negative things.

Behavior therapy focuses on the changing desire habit, it can involve the maladaptive tendencies which can be modified with help of behavior modification remedy. The study executed by Crouch & Jukubecy (2007), straightforward the address the dysgraphia on a single subject to intervention in literacy instruction and motor skills. The researchers implemented handwriting and letter naming drills, along with occupational therapeutic approaches for improvement the fine engine analysis essay definition skills. As a results written expression slightly improved.

Another study executed by B. E. Yeger, L.N.Yanuv and S. Rosenblum (2009) predicated on children perceived self- efficacy self-reporting and handwriting efficiency as a result of dsygraphia. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between children’s performance about the writing skills and self studies, their handwriting expression and motor-perceived self-efficacy. The analysis conducted on Twenty-one children with dsygraphia for evaluation through Computerized Penmanship Evaluation Device and Questionnaire for Handwriting Proficiency (CHaP) and the Perceived Efficacy and GOAL SETTING TECHNIQUES System (PEGS). After the evaluation of the children were able to identify and report the handwriting insufficiency which and facilitated with occupational therapy intervention in class.

Behavior Modification is a type of behavioral therapy, in which principles of Operant Conditioning are being used to eliminate some form of unwanted, maladaptive, habit. Its treatment types of procedures and techniques are ways of rearranging a person’s environment, to help individual function more completely in society. For example, a child is displaying tantrum while producing, so every time a favorite little bit of candy can use as reinforcement, for modifying the habit with bblearn tri c maladaptive patterns replaced. Every time child throws tantrum candy work with as reward.

The behavioral remedy plays a essential role in the field of psychotherapy, the cognitive behavioral remedy one of them. Jafari A good.S.A and Heidari.F (2012) investigated the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy on the improvement of self-perception among gifted pupils with learning disorder. They focused on the cognitive-behavioral therapy productivity and the improvement of self-perception among the gifted students with learning disorders. They evaluated the training disorder through Wechsler cleverness scale for children on twenty eight students. Experimentation was carried out and cognitive-behavioral therapy administered on experimental group. The acquiring of experimentation was that the cognitive-behavioral remedy plays an important role for the improvement of self-perception among gifted pupils with learning disorder.

Aphasia is acquired words disorder because of brain harm. Rapp.B and Glucroft.B (2009) had been done a little exploration on the behavioral therapeutic tactics can useful for the aphasic with the dysgraphia. The Individuals with the aphasia includes a terminology impairment which id directed connected with written

language impairment. The primary objective of this review was to evaluated the part and influence of behavioral intervention for dysgraphia due to primary progressive aphasia. The conclusion of this study was that the 1st time the behavioral intervention can provide benefit to improvement in dysgraphia due to primary progressive aphasia.

Dysgraphia is an essential aspect which is responsible in some contexts of demanding behaviors in the kids. When they feel handwriting disorder turn into fun in front of their peer group and be an embracement for their parents children usually throw the tantrum and focus seeking behavior.

Another unique review by Adi-Japha, Shalev, Landau, , Gross-Tsur, Teicher, & Frenkel (2005) conducted an experimental design on ADHD students with the writing and spelling deficiencies and in addition identified dysgraphia. In the study the sample utilized for an experimental group only with 20 male learners diagnosed ADHD and in the control group 20 non-ADHD male learners. The test applied, for swiftness, fluency and letter naming were given as a Reading lab tests, plus a spelling test. The analysis of the exams was for motor structure errors, graphemic problems, and spatial disorders. Motor production was analyzed by having pupils write words with repetition. The Benefits indicated that both experimental group and control group performed same in speed, examining letter naming and phoneme manipulation. The experimental group performed very well on the reading evaluation in comparison with spelling. In addition they omitted and transposed letters in all tests. The writing expertise had been inconsistent in letter and term development and font size. The experimenter concluded that word development and spelling deficiency was due to non-linguistic zero processing and attention, and only minor damaged by motor skill deficiency. The ADHD pupils required a particular attention and additional instructional help on written expression. The utilization of spell-check courses for spelling deficiencies and an implementation of word processing software program to aid in letter development were suggested.

The children facing mental difficulty on paper during class room settings, they often face emotional factors. Items are getting worse for them day by day. Usually during assignment work, when the child struggles to copy from plank and class work is always unfinished and incomplete, usually the child experience frustration.


Problem statement:

Can the methods of behavior modification therapy play a vital position for improvement of difficult behavior in children with dsygraphia?


Due to these academic, emotional and social outcomes the kids are facing problems in learning talents and having behavior concerns. The objective of this study is to greatly help children for investigation and improvement in their behavior issues due to dsygraphia or poor handwriting by making use of techniques of behavioral modification remedy. It is also ideal for the teachers whose are dealing with these behaviors, they can improve their skills for cope with these tough behaviors in classroom setting up and improve the handwriting in children by making use of behavior modification techniques.

Significance of the study

The Significance of this study is helpful for children’s improvement in the handwriting abilities and overcome the habit issues. It also helps children to learning the coping tactics of overcoming their behavioral issues independently. They come to know about their functions in written conversation and convert the thoughts in to the written expression.


The implementation of tendencies modification tactics gives satiability in challenging behavior of children because of dsygraphia.

The implementation of tendencies modification techniques does not give satiability in challenging behavior of children due to dsygraphia.


This review will be conducted in several academic institutions of Islamabad and Rawalpindi (Pakistan). Through the participant Observation Functional Behavioral Evaluation, behavioral intervention programs, and positive intervention will be make use of for the analysis the challenging behaviors. The Wechsler Cleverness Scale For Children – 4th Edition (WISC-IV) and Handwriting Assessment of The McMaster Handwriting Assessment Protocol 2nd edition shall be use for analysis of dsygraphia.

The structured interview will be conduct with parents and teachers. Following the diagnosis the behavioral modification therapeutic approaches will be applied on children with challenging behavioral issues because of dsygraphia. There will be total 10 university finalized. From each institution 10 students shall be taken 5 women and 5 boys from third quality to sixth grade. Following the assessment only 10 learners shall be a part of therapeutic sessions for three months. The re-evaluation also will be conducted ultimately for assessing the improvement in patterns and hand writing skills.


Ten different students of third quality to sixth grade will be randomly select for the assessments from ten diverse academic institutions of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Ten kids shall be part of this study from different schools. Following the completion of analysis, the therapeutic periods for 90 days 5 boys and 5 girls shall be part of the further study.


The analysis will be conducted within the regular classroom and separate place for therapeutic implementations.

Research design

The design of a report will be descriptive, based on identification and implementations of the tendencies modification techniques.


The results will be explained in the explanation.


Behavior modification is quite beneficial and empirically demonstration of habit change techniques. It is often used to change the behaviors in line with the environment. The habit of an individual can be modified through the positive and negative reinforcement. All behaviors have some set of regular rules. Behavior modification approaches can develop approach to defining, observing, and calculating behaviors, and it can also design an effective interventions. Behavior modification tactics always has alternatives for managing challenging habit and those behaviors can be change , shaped and maintained by the consequences of that behavior.

Due to the dsygraphia the successful teacher training shall be very useful for they. The various activates such as for example, an active listening, interaction and interpersonal skills training for those who are very helpful for those whose happen to be facing learning issues. The teachers ought to know about the students who’ve handwriting difficulties. The kids can experience the fearful situation and become very insecure. They can also experience failure, and shameful attitudes from parents and adults. Children generally hide their educational weakness and begin cheating. The parents need counseling and training in application of behavioral approaches for modification and changing their individual behavior towards their children.

The skinner’s theories of reinforcement take up a big role in the education discipline and for the student achievement. A direct effect on education his theories have already been utilized for many years and play a good role in patterns modification. Reinforcement is usually a positive way to achieve the goal in classroom environment and even separately if the average person facing is learning issues.

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